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Hong Kong Human Rights Arts Prize judge Ben Quilty on empathy, justice and the human condition

By Mark Eggleton. Reflecting on Hong Kong artist’s Siu Wai-hang powerful video work Open Ta Kung Pao, artist Ben Quilty says art is at its best when
Winner of last year’s Hong Kong Human Rights Arts Prize (HKHRAP), Siu Wai Hang’s work depicts the July 1, 2018 pro-democracy protest as it passed the headquarters of state-owned newspaper Ta Kung Pao.
Artist and award judge Ben Quilty found many of the works entered in last year’s prize powerful because he felt the artists were driven by their own lives to create the pieces.“Theyre not just entering an art prize.They’re actually standing up for something. And thats when art can be at its best,” he says.
One of Australia’s most revered artists and social commentators, Quilty says judging the Arts Prize was a great honour and he didn’t think twice about saying yes when asked to be one of the judges because of the political and social situation unfolding in today’s Hong Kong.“Its just such a fraught part of the world, with such a distinctly uncertain future as it confronts many human rights issues,’’ he says.
Ben Quilty.“I was so intrigued to know more about it.Being able to judge a prize like that, youre instantly exposed to so many artists that you wouldnt otherwise be able to see and know about.”Deep sense of empathyQuilty, who has served as Australia’s official war artist in Afghanistan and more recently visited refugee camps in Syria, has long been passionate about depicting the human condition.
It was something instilled into him early by his parents as he grew up in Sydney, and who, he says “made me very aware of the world”.“Somehow, they taught me, by about eight or ten, to have a very deep sense of empathy, which I do think youre taught.
Its a blessing and a curse but I wouldnt give it up for anything, because theyve given me the ability to feel the world, and the people in the world.”Documentation from Kate Sparrow and Gemma Abad Calajates shortlisted piece Recycled Thoughts.
Gemma Abad Calajate is a foreign domestic worker in Hong Kong.He says that feeling of empathy runs through many of HKHRAP prize entrants and it’s often very personal.It’s about what people know or have experienced themselves. For example, a lot of the entries depicted the struggles faced by domestic staff in Hong Kong especially Filipino women.“They’re responding to something that’s in their part of the world which I found very moving. It is their own stories or the hardship of people that live in their community and both Ive found are equally relevant.
”Moreover, Quilty was also moved by some of the works which draw on Hong Kong’s current political situation in a gentle, sophisticated way.He acknowledges it is difficult for Hong Kong citizens to be overtly critical of the Chinese government, but there are works dealing with how the Chinese are almost “actively dehumanising the population” by turning them into mere numbers.
And it’s also a comment on a wider issue in the digital economy.Communal experienceAs to why art is so often at its most powerful portraying pain, Quilty draws on the work of Picasso, who lived through war “but lived a pretty blissful, peaceful existence most of his life”.
“His greatest work is Guernica. Its about the horror of war.
The horror of war isnt horrible without the human condition and the way war affects the humanity involved in it.“So, whether its war, human rights abuses or the dysfunction of a community, when people in those communities respond using art, or literature or music, their lived passion ensures what they create is really profoundly powerful.
”One particular work which stirred Quilty’s emotions was first runner-up Sophie Cheung Hing Yee’s, mixed media piece Soften stones 1: Tombstone for 61 HK students suicide since 2016.The piece comments on the pressure placed on children in the city’s hyper-competitive education system and for Quilty the work was hugely poignant imagining kids sitting in rows, “spending hours and hours of their lives rote learning, and in the end, having the same job as thousands of other people”.“Its just a beautiful little thing a contemporary tombstone and a metaphor for modern China.”Quilty can be quite critical of Chinese heavy-handedness when it comes to human rights.
He cites the first year of the Hong Kong Art Fair when it showed in Beijing and there were “artists who made quite critical comments, although subtle and sophisticated comments about China, and instead of shutting the show down, they actually arrested the staff handing out catalogues at the beginning of the exhibition. They were just poor Chinese people trying to earn a living”.
It’s this sense of injustice which drives much of Quilty’s own work and it’s what he found inspiring judging the HKHRAP entries.“I always come back to it, and I think its just that Im human and Im interested in my own humanity, and then the collective humanity in all of us.

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US-backed Syrian forces battle to take last IS pocket

NEAR BAGHOUZ (AFP) – Syrian fighters backed by artillery fire from a US-led coalition battled a fierce jihadist counteroffensive Monday as they pushed to retake a last morsel of territory from the Islamic State group.
A war monitor said a coalition air strike killed 16 civilians including seven children trying to flee the holdout on Monday, but the US-led alliance was not immediately available for comment.More than four years after the extremists declared a caliphate across large parts of Syria and neighbouring Iraq, several offensives have whittled that down to a tiny holdout.The Kurdish-led Syrian Democratic Forces on Saturday announced the final push to expel hundreds of diehard jihadists from that patch in eastern Syria on the Iraq border.The US-led coalition maintained a steady beat of bombings on the last IS pocket on Monday, as the SDF faced fierce resistance.The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based war monitor, said 12 SDF fighters and 19 jihadists were killed in the fighting Monday.
Heavy clashes are ongoing to pressure IS into surrendering, Observatory chief Rami Abdel Rahman said.SDF spokesman Mustafa Bali said the SDF responded after IS launched a counterattack earlier in the day.

IS launched a counterattack on our forces and we are now responding with rockets, air strikes and direct clashes, Bali told AFP earlier.The sound of bombs echoed dozens of kilometres (miles) away and columns of dark grey smoke could be seen from SDF territory.
Bali said there were dozens of SDF hostages held by IS inside their last foothold, but denied reports of executions.Backed by coalition air strikes, the SDF alliance has been battling to oust the jihadists from the eastern province of Deir Ezzor since September.Since December, tens of thousands of people, most women and children related to IS fighters, have fled the shrinking jihadist holdout into SDF territory.US-backed forces have screened the new arrivals, weeding out potential jihadists for questioning.
On Monday, dozens of coalition and SDF fighters were stationed at a screening point for new arrivals from IS areas.Coalition forces stood over about 20 men who were crouching on the ground.

Two French women told AFP they paid smugglers to take them out of the battered IS-held holdout of Baghouz, but Iraqi jihadists had prevented other foreigners from leaving.They said only the Syrians and Iraqis can be smuggled out, said one of the women, who said her first name was Christelle, from the city of BordeauxThe Observatory said 600 people including around 20 suspected jihadists fled IS areas overnight.The SDF said it advanced inside the pocket on Sunday, seizing 40 positions from IS.
On Saturday, the alliance said up to 600 jihadists as well as hundreds of civilians could remain inside the IS patch of four square kilometres (one square mile).Spokesman Bali said IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the man who pronounced the cross-border caliphate in 2014, was not among them, and likely not in Syria.

At the height of their rule, the jihadists imposed their brutal interpretation of Islamic law on a territory roughly the size of Britain.But military offensives in both countries, including by the SDF, have since retaken the vast bulk of their territory.The jihadists however retain a presence in Syria s vast Badia desert, and have claimed a series of deadly attacks in SDF-held areas.US President Donald Trump in December shocked Washington s allies by announcing a full withdrawal of US troops from Syria as IS had been beaten.
Trump s decision to withdraw US troops has left Syria s Kurds scrambling for safeguards.A US departure makes them more vulnerable to a long threatened attack by neighbouring Turkey, who considers Kurdish fighters to be terrorists, and dashes their dreams of autonomy.The Kurds have largely stayed out of Syria s nearly eight-year civil war, instead building their own semi-autonomous institutions in the northeast of the country.But the expected US pullout has seen them grappling to mend ties with the Damascus regime, which is against Kurdish self-rule.

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