SINGAPORE, April 1 (Xinhua) — The Singapore Food Agency (SFA) was unveiled on Monday as the sole governmental organization responsible for …
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A massive chemical processing plant under construction along the Ohio River is fueling renewed real estate development in the Rust Belt region.The factory is located just 30 miles from Pittsburgh and is slated to eventually create about 600 full-time jobs.
Meanwhile, a peak of about 6,000 construction workers will work on building the factory until its completion in the early 2020s. As a result, housing construction is revving up.One local real estate companys chairman, Charles Betters, called Shells plant the best thing to happen in our region in 40-plus years.”Betters claims his company, C.J. Betters Enterprises, is building 200 residential units and a big hotel project as a consequence of the factory.
The cost of Shells plant is estimated to be up to $10 billion, which reportedly makes the factory among the largest industrial projects ever constructed along the Ohio River. The state gave Shell a $1.6 billion package in reduced taxes for a 25-year period.The project is also drawing other major companies interested in polyethylene production to the area, which is concerning environmentalists.“Industry calls it a game changer. We see it as game over,” said Dustin White of the Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition to the Times.
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Singapore’s wholesome hawker culture, with humble hawker centres offering delectable yet affordable food, is something many Singaporeans hold.Singapore officially submitted its hawker culture nomination to Unesco with celebratory photos and videos – but some Malaysians arent too happy about itBySean Lim – March 29, 2019The Straits TimesSingapores wholesome hawker culture, with humble hawker centres offering delectable yet affordable food, is something many Singaporeans hold close to their hearts.So when Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announced plans to nominate the city-states unique hawker culture for inscription into Unescos Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity last year at the National Day Rally, many were thrilled.And that has just become reality.
On Wednesday (March 27), Singapore officially submitted its nomination to inscribe Hawker Culture in Singapore to the list.The nomination documents were jointly submitted by the National Heritage Board (NHB), the National Environment Agency (NEA) and The Federation of Merchants Association, Singapore (FMAS) – the three organisations co-driving the Unesco nomination bid.The three organisations said in a statement: The submission of nomination documents is a milestone in Singapores Unesco inscription journey to better recognise and protect our intangible cultural heritage.It added: A successful nomination will demonstrate to the world how proud we are of Hawker Culture in Singapore, encourage greater appreciation for our hawkers, and show our commitment as a nation to safeguard hawker culture for generations to come.
In 2015, the Singapore Botanic Gardens was made Unesco World Heritage Site. But this will be Singapores first submission in the category of intangible cultural heritage.By July, the nomination documents will be available for viewing on Unesco, NHB, NEA and FMAS websites.One of the nomination documents is a series of photographs, which include contributions by the public via social media, and entries to the #OurHawkerCulture photography contest organised by the National Geographic and the Ministry of Communication and Information (MCI).
Here are some of the stunning photographs that depict the uniqueness of Singapores hawker culture.This photo shows an Indian-Muslim hawker cooking briyani Brian TeoAccording to the authorities official statement, this photo depicts people from diverse age groups, genders, ethnicities and religions dine in and socialise at a hawker centre – captured by Terence Tan Peng Hor, a contestant of #OurHawkerCulture Photography Contest 2019.Terence Tan Peng HorNEAA photo of a father enjoying chendol (a local dessert) with his children at a hawker centre – taken by David Sim, another contestant in the #OurHawkerCulture Photography Contest 2019.David SimA few letters showing community support and revolving around Singapores hawker culture theme were also submitted.
An art piece by Jeileeana Glehsa Magbatoalog from Riverdale Secondary School.Jeileeana Glehsa MagbatoalogThis picture was drawn by Ling Jia Ci, another student at Riverdale Secondary School.Ling Jia CiThree other students of Riverdale Secondary School – Kristen Teo, Ngu Yi Xuan and Muhammad Dani Mirza – also wrote poems about Singapores hawker culture.Kristen Teo, Ngu Yi Xuan and Muhammad Dani MirzaMs Isa from Jurong Pioneer Junior College was credited for a piece showing the words Singapores Hawker Culture surrounded by hashtags of hawker centre food and drinks.
Ms IsaThere are also pledge tags written by the public in English, Mandarin, Malay and Tamil in support of Singapores hawker culture nomination.Mrs NgA few videos were also submitted as part of Singapores nomination documents – including one titled Unesco Nomination Hawker Culture in Singapore, which runs for roughly 10 minutes long.NHB, NEA and FMAS said in their statement that the video was created to give the Evaluation Body and the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage – which will be assessing Singapores submission – a better understanding of Singapores hawker culture.While Singaporeans are celebrating its hawker culture nomination, neighbouring Malaysia – with street food similar to that in Singapore – isnt sharing the joy.
Malaysians were already riled up when PM Lee first made the announcement last year. And Singapores official nomination submission brought those feelings back, it seems.
Read also: Malaysians comment on Singapore’s decision to nominate hawker culture for Unesco listing – here’s what they have to sayThe majority of comments left on a post by Malaysian news site The Star pointed out that Malaysias hawker food is superior to Singapores.User M S Sonny Rajamoney wrote: Malaysia’s hawker food second to none in the world! Hands down!Chong Mee Lings comment read: No matter how they do their food is not as good as Malaysian food because of their seasoning.
For instance, the roaster chicken, duck and pork. Even the ice kacang or cendol also no good.Many Malaysian netizens have even said that Singapore likes to claim everything as theirs.User Hulkamania Hulkamania wrote: That small island likes to claim everything as theirs.
Hope one day they will claim the 1 trillion debts of Malaysia as theirs and settle it for us. #fullofkiasucrapWhile Tan Yokechua wrote: Singapore also claimed Mou San Wang durian as theirs.You wont be surprised that one day they will say the water they drink is also from Singapore.Jimmy Lees comment read: You dont have to prove anything to anybody, the customers will know whos who, whats what the origin.Somebody is trying to steal the show.Others are treating this issue in a more objective way.Murali Blurzs comment read: Malaysia definitely has a larger variety of food and number of hawkers. then why our (government) can’t do what Singapore just did? Why need to wait until Singapore does something before we start making noise.Singapore was part of Malaysia hence no way we can say that they too don’t have the hawker culture.
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The Republic’s nomination to inscribe hawker culture in Singa-pore on the Unesco Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.The nomination includes letters, photographs and videos demonstrating community support for the bid, the organisations behind the attempt said in a joint statement yesterday.
The photographs feature an Indian Muslim hawker preparing briyani, a Chinese hawker demonstrating a chicken rice recipe, and a father and his children enjoying the chendol dessert, among other snapshots.A 10-minute video was also produced to give a 12-member Unesco evaluation body – including six experts qualified in various fields of intangible cultural heritage – a better understanding of hawker culture in Singapore.The nomination documents, to be available for public viewing from July, were submitted jointly by the three organisations driving the bid. They are the National Heritage Board, the National Environment Agency and The Federation of Merchants’ Associations, Singapore (FMAS).
Using the evaluation body’s assessment and recommendation as a guide, a 24-member intergovernmental committee will then decide on the suitability of inscribing Singapore’s hawker culture.The results will be announced at the end of next year.UNESCO Nomination – Hawker Culture in SingaporeMr Low Hock Kee, 50, a second-generation hawker and co-chairman of the hawker sub-committee of FMAS, believes that if the inscription is successful, the profile of the country’s rich cultural heritage will be boosted. “The nomination also helps elevate the status of hawkers and affirms our role in Singapore.
“If successful, hawker culture will join 429 cultures of other countries which have been inscribed since the list was established in 2008. These include Belgium’s beer culture, Indonesia’s bamboo musical instrument angklung, China’s shadow puppetry, and kimjang, or the making and sharing of kimchi in South Korea.Unlike the evaluation of world heritage sites, assessments of intangible cultural heritage do not require evaluators to make site visits.Countries whose bids are not successful can reapply in subsequent Unesco evaluation cycles. Singapore’s first such submission in the category of intangible cultural heritage comes after the Botanic Gardens was made a Unesco World Heritage Site in 2015.Singapore’s hawker culture bid has drawn some criticism from across the border.
Some Malaysians have claimed their country is a street-food paradise, and that Singapore’s hawker version is not that special.However, the list is not intended to define the origins and ownership of cultural practices.For instance, both Arabic coffee and Turkish coffee were inscribed in the Unesco list. Related StorySpirited debate on hawker culture shows investment in its survival:
National Heritage Board Related Story 14-member committee set up to oversee Singapore’s hawker culture nomination Related StoryHawker culture to be nominated for Unesco heritage list: 8 famous stalls in Singapore Related StoryExperts hope Unesco bid will increase support for hawkersInstead, Singapore’s attempt will be assessed based on the criteria of meeting Unesco’s definition of intangible cultural heritage; how the potential inscription will increase awareness of Singapore’s intangible cultural heritage; how the existing and future safeguarding measures promote the continued practice of the culture; whether the nomination involved the community; and whether it is part of the country’s intangible cultural heritage inventory.
The country’s inventory, comprising 70 elements so far, includes pilgrimages to Kusu Island and Malay weddings, and was established last April.In a joint statement, the organisations driving the bid said the attempt has received overwhelming support from Singaporeans since it was announced last August.They noted that apart from hawker associations, more than 850,000 pledges of support and over 31,000 messages were registered across various platforms.Their social media movement, they added, generated 810,000 likes and comments in support of hawker culture.
The statement said: “A successful nomination will demonstrate to the world how proud we are of hawker culture in Singapore, encourage greater appreciation for our hawkers, and show our commitment as a nation to safeguard hawker culture for generations to come.”They added that the submission of the nomination documents is a milestone in Singapore’s Unesco inscription journey to better recognise and protect the island’s intangible cultural heritage.
The nomination documents took into account input from a nomination committee, comprising representatives and stakeholders from various sectors, including hawker representatives, academics, community partners, non-governmental organisations and government agencies.There are more than 100 hawker centres in Singapore and some 6,000 hawkers who each serve about 150 to 200 affordable meals daily.More than 80 per cent of the population visit hawker centres at least once a week.Messages written by Singaporeans in support of the bid note that hawker centres serve as spaces where “a variety of multicultural cuisines” can be found under one roof, and where “people of all races gather to eat together”.