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Guide to Freedom

The Lewis Center for the Arts’ Program in Visual Arts in collaboration with Princeton Garden Theatre presents a screening of the documentary.Tickets are available through the Garden Theatre box office and website and are free to Princeton University students, faculty and staff with Princeton ID.
“The Negro Motorist Green Book.” In the 1930s, Green, a black postal carrier from Harlem, began publishing this annual guide in the era of Jim Crow laws, when open and often legally prescribed discrimination against African Americans and other non-whites was widespread. These travelers, often journeying by automobile to avoid other discriminatory practices on public transportation, faced a variety of dangers and inconveniences along the road, from refusal of food and lodging to arbitrary arrest.
In response, Green wrote his guide to services and places relatively friendly to African Americans, eventually expanding its coverage from the New York area to much of North America. The film explores some of the segregated nation’s safe havens and notorious “sundown towns” and relates stories of struggle and indignity as well as opportunity and triumph.The 2019 Academy Award-winning film Green Book is also a reference to Green’s publication.Andrew Ricketts of BET (Black Entertainment Television) notes, “The Green Book: Guide to Freedom is a timely film on Green’s handbook of the same name.
His guide listed over 9,500 venues where Black vacationers were welcome. But it’s only an afterthought in the fictional film that bears its title.Although that film won Best Picture and Best Supporting Actor, it glosses over the significance of “The Green Book” in favor of narrowing the focus to the prevalence of White ignorance. That curious omission makes the origin story of “The Green Book” even more crucial.Director Yoruba Richen reveals it in a documentary that is equal parts proud and tragic.”

New York Public LibraryYoruba Richen, the film’s writer/director, is a documentary filmmaker whose work has been featured on PBS, New York Times Op Doc, Frontline Digital, New York Magazine’s The Cut, The Atlantic, and Field of Vision.Her feature documentary, The New Black won multiple festival awards and was nominated for an NAACP Image Award and a GLAAD Media Award. Her previous film Promised Land, won the Fledgling Fund award for social issue documentary, and she won a Clio award for her short film about the Grammy-nominated singer Andra Day.

She has also won the Creative Promise Award at Tribeca All Access and was a Sundance Producers Fellow. Richen is a Fulbright fellow, a Guggenheim fellow and a 2016 recipient of the Chicken Egg Breakthrough Filmmaker Award.She was chosen for The Root 100 list of the most influential African Americans 45 and under, recognizing her as a leader whose “work from the past year is breaking down barriers and paving the way for the next generation.” She is a lecturer and director of the documentary program at the City University of New York’s Craig Newmark Graduate School of Journalism.Su Friedrich has produced and directed twenty-three 16mm films and digital videos, and with one exception is the writer, director, cinematographer, sound recordist and editor of all her films. Friedrichs films have won many awards, including the Best Narrative Film Award at the Athens International Film Festival, the Outstanding Documentary Feature at Outfest in Los Angeles, the Special Jury Award at the New York Gay Lesbian Film Festival, the Grand Prix at the Melbourne Film Festival, the Golden Gate Award at the San Francisco Film Festival, and the Best Experimental Narrative Award at the Atlanta Film Festival.
Her work is widely screened in the United States, Canada and Europe and has been the subject of retrospectives at the Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Rotterdam International Film Festival, The London Lesbian and Gay Film Festival, The Stadtkino in Vienna, the Pacific Cinematheque in Vancouver, and the National Film Theater in London. In 2016, her film Sink or Swim (1990) was selected for inclusion in the National Film Registry of The Library of Congress.Her work is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Royal Film Archive of Belgium, the Centre Pompidou in Paris, the National Library of Australia, as well as many university libraries.Princeton Garden Theatre maintains an ongoing collaborative relationship with the Lewis Center for the Arts and other departments throughout the University.The theater presents independent, foreign, and classic films and special film-related programming and in 2017 was named by as The Best Movie Theater in New Jersey.To learn more about this event, the Program in Visual Arts, and the more than 100 other performances, exhibitions, readings, screenings and lectures presented each year at the Lewis Center visit arts.

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Trade deficit shrinks $2.1b but exports fail to pick up pace

ISLAMABAD: The trade deficit in first seven months of the current fiscal year shrank one-tenth to $19.3 billion due to reduction in imports but exports again did not pick up pace despite steep currency depreciation of 33% in the past one year and grant …
3 billion due to reduction in imports but exports again did not pick up pace despite steep currency depreciation of 33% in the past one year and grant of massive subsidies in the last almost three years.
The trade deficit, which stood at $21.3 billion in July-January FY18, contracted 9.7% to $19.3 billion in the corresponding period of current fiscal year, according to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS).In absolute terms, there was a decline of $2.1 billion in the deficit, which was a huge relief for the government.Imports during the July-January FY19 period dropped 5.2% or $1.8 billion to $32.5 billion.

However, the pace of increase in exports did not match the facilitation measures that the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) as well as the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI) governments had taken since 2016.Exports in first seven months of FY19 amounted to only $13.2 billion, up 2.24% or $290 million.This came despite the fact that the central bank, in consultation with the finance ministry, let the currency depreciate 32.7% since December 2017. The rupee has weakened over 15% since the start of current fiscal year in July 2018.The PML-N government doled out a Rs180-billion package to the exporters.
The PTI administration has also offered an incentive package of over Rs30 billion in the shape of lower gas and electricity prices for export-focused industries. Exports were not picking up momentum due to the lag effect of currency devaluation, remarked Adviser to Prime Minister on Commerce and Investment Abdul Razak Dawood.
He voiced hope that exports would gain pace in the next couple of months once all the policy and administrative measures were fully in place. Dawood said because of the trade war between the US and China, US buyers were shifting towards Vietnam, Bangladesh and Pakistan, which would give a boost to Pakistan’s exports.Pakistan had closed the last fiscal year with a trade deficit of $37.6 billion, which became the key reason behind the highest-ever current account deficit of $18.9 billion. The PTI government wants to cut the trade deficit to about $26 billion, which seems highly unlikely now.

The value of exported goods was 245% less than the value of imports a ratio that was slightly better than the previous month.The trade balance in January 2019 compared to January last year significantly improved, again primarily because of contraction in imports.The trade deficit shrank 31.7% to $2.5 billion in January this year. In absolute terms, there was a reduction of $1.1 billion in the deficit.Trade deficit shrinks 5% to $16.8b as imports go down On a month-on-month basis, the exports contracted 1.8% in January over the preceding month.Exports decreased $37 million to $2 billion. Imports, however, rose 1.4% to $4.5 billion in January.

Resultantly, the trade deficit widened 4.1% to $2.5 billion in January over December.Exports rise 30% in rupee termsSpeaking at a press conference on Monday, Dawood said the trade deficit had been brought down by $2 billion in first seven months of the current financial year as runaway imports had been squeezed.“We are hopeful that the deficit will go down by $4-5 billion by the end of current financial year,” he said.Trade volume between Pakistan, Sri Lanka surges after FTAExports increased 4% in dollar terms in January 2019 compared to the corresponding month of previous year.

However, he said, the increase in exports was 30% in rupee terms due to depreciation of the rupee. In January 2019, imports came down 19% in dollars terms and 31..7% in rupee terms, the adviser said.He pointed out that the government had imposed regulatory duty on non-essential goods and imposed ban on furnace oil imports.“Imports were higher last year due to the import of machinery for power plants; the government’s policy of squeezing imports is yielding results,” he stressed.The PM adviser said domestic sale of cement had dropped 9% but its exports rose 50%, reaching $180 million in Jul-Jan FY19.Cement was mainly exported to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. He pointed out that Pakistan was importing edible oil of over $3 billion per annum and the government wanted to curtail it by focusing on sunflower and canola crops in the country.
The adviser, however, emphasised that he was not satisfied with the current volume of exports, adding that textile units had the capacity to enhance shipments to overseas markets. Speaking on the occasion, Commerce Secretary Younus Dagha revealed that the government was focusing on exploring markets of African countries and would open trade offices in big countries of the continent with higher economic growth.

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