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Posts tagged as Central African Republic

Central African Republic: Food Assistance Fact Sheet – March 28, 2019

Since 2012, conflict has disrupted livelihoods and food security in the Central African Republic (CAR), a landlocked nation of approximately 4.5 million people.
Humanitarian access to vulnerable populations is limited, as armed groups have taken de facto control of large parts of northwestern, central and southeastern CAR, despite the presence of UN peacekeeping troops.Situation Escalating violence since the beginning of 2017 has driven displacement across the country.As of December 2018, the total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) was approximately 641,000, while nearly 591,000 Central African refugees resided in neighboring countries. One person in every four from CAR is internally displaced or a refugee; two of every five face severe acute food insecurity, according to the UN.
According to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) (link is external), vulnerable, conflict-affected populations will continue to face Crisis (IPC 3) or worse levels of food insecurity across CAR through September 2019 due to displacement and inconsistent access and availability of humanitarian assistance.*In October 2018, an IPC analysis projected nearly 1.9 million people in CAR were facing Crisis and Emergency (IPC 4) levels of acute food insecurity and in need of emergency food assistance.The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) (link is external) anticipates that more than 38,000 children in CAR younger than 5 years of age will experience severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2019.
The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardized tool that aims to classify the severity and magnitude of acute food insecurity. The IPC scale, which is comparable across countries, ranges from Minimal (IPC 1) to Famine (IPC 5).
RESPONSE With support from USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (FFP), the UN World Food Program (WFP) distributes food vouchers and in-kind food assistance sourced from U.S.
local and regional stocks to several hundred thousand food-insecure IDPs, vulnerable host community members and returnees affected by conflict and insecurity in CAR. Through FFP contributions, WFP also provides school meals for children from crisis-affected families.
In addition, FFP partner ACTED provides cash transfers for food to displaced and host community populations in southeastern CAR.FFP enables UNICEF to respond to SAM cases in CAR by providing ready-to-use therapeutic food to treat malnourished children, facilitating nutrition assessments and supporting trainings for caregivers and health workers.

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Summary – FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to Central African Republic (21 …

The food security situation remains dire in the Central African Republic.
According to the results of the Evaluation Nationale de la Sécurité Alimentaire (ENSA) 2018, 2.
1 million people are food insecure, with more than 320 000 people (7 percent of the population) in severe food insecurity. Compared to the previous survey conducted in 2017, food insecurity in the country deteriorated by 5 percentage points, from 45 to 50 percent of the population.
Crop production in 2018 is estimated at slightly over 1 million tonnes, about 3 percent less than in 2017, but still about 18 percent above the average of the previous five years. The overall favourable output is mainly due to an increased maize and cassava production, about 27 and 21 percent above average, respectively.
The area planted with cassava and maize crops is well above the five-year average. FAO, WFP and NGO partners have provided crop production support to more than 50 000 vulnerable households across the country, through food assistance and the distribution of seeds and tools.
Based on the Mission’s estimates, a cereal import requirement of approximately 62 000 tonnes for the 2018/19 marketing year (November/October) is forecast. Assuming commercial imports are at 23 000 tonnes, the Mission expects an uncovered cereal deficit of 39 000 tonnes.
The livestock sector has been severely damaged by the conflict. Several pastoralists have lost their livestock due to looting, robbery and assaults by armed groups.
This resulted in critical constraints to livestock production and marketing from the beginning of the crisis (late 2012) to the present day.In December 2018, most food prices in the country were above their year earlier levels, mainly due to insufficient availabilities.
Significant security constraints continue to hamper crop production and disrupt food-marketing channels.The protracted conflict continues to trigger significant population movements both inside the country and towards neighbouring countries.
The majority of the displaced population live with host families (more than 412 000 people) while the remaining displaced people reside in IDP sites.The survey shows a significant decline in access to fields in 2018 (71 percent) compared to 2015 (81 percent).
About 37 percent of the households had to recur to asset-depleting coping strategies (emergency or crisis), while one-third of the households had to sell part of their productive assets to purchase food.Overall, the level of severe food insecurity has decreased compared to 2015.
Estimated at 15 percent in 2015, it fell to 7 percent in 2018. By contrast, the level of moderate food insecurity increased from 35 to 43 percent over the same period.
The high levels of food insecurity continue to be the result of the cumulative impacts of inter-communal clashes, recurrent population displacements and a prolonged period of asset depletion, which all contributed to constrain crop production to levels well below the pre-crisis average.The Government, in cooperation with humanitarian and development partners, continues to support the immediate access to food, the recovery of agricultural and pastoral activities aiming to create job opportunities and enhance food security, especially for women and youth.
The strengthening of the capacity of the Central African Institute of Statistics and Socio-Economic Studies (ICASEES) and the establishment of an information and early warning system on food security is highly recommended in order to generate the necessary data to continuously monitor the situation and enable early intervention.OngoingPrimary countryCentral African RepublicContent format:AssessmentLanguage:EnglishTheme:AgricultureFood and NutritionProtection and Human RightsVulnerable groups:IDPsHomeUpdatesCountriesDisastersTopicsOrganizationsJobsTrainingTerms ConditionsReliefWebInforming humanitarians worldwide.
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