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Summary – FAO/WFP Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to Central African Republic (21 …

The food security situation remains dire in the Central African Republic.
According to the results of the Evaluation Nationale de la Sécurité Alimentaire (ENSA) 2018, 2.
1 million people are food insecure, with more than 320 000 people (7 percent of the population) in severe food insecurity. Compared to the previous survey conducted in 2017, food insecurity in the country deteriorated by 5 percentage points, from 45 to 50 percent of the population.
Crop production in 2018 is estimated at slightly over 1 million tonnes, about 3 percent less than in 2017, but still about 18 percent above the average of the previous five years. The overall favourable output is mainly due to an increased maize and cassava production, about 27 and 21 percent above average, respectively.
The area planted with cassava and maize crops is well above the five-year average. FAO, WFP and NGO partners have provided crop production support to more than 50 000 vulnerable households across the country, through food assistance and the distribution of seeds and tools.
Based on the Mission’s estimates, a cereal import requirement of approximately 62 000 tonnes for the 2018/19 marketing year (November/October) is forecast. Assuming commercial imports are at 23 000 tonnes, the Mission expects an uncovered cereal deficit of 39 000 tonnes.
The livestock sector has been severely damaged by the conflict. Several pastoralists have lost their livestock due to looting, robbery and assaults by armed groups.
This resulted in critical constraints to livestock production and marketing from the beginning of the crisis (late 2012) to the present day.In December 2018, most food prices in the country were above their year earlier levels, mainly due to insufficient availabilities.
Significant security constraints continue to hamper crop production and disrupt food-marketing channels.The protracted conflict continues to trigger significant population movements both inside the country and towards neighbouring countries.
The majority of the displaced population live with host families (more than 412 000 people) while the remaining displaced people reside in IDP sites.The survey shows a significant decline in access to fields in 2018 (71 percent) compared to 2015 (81 percent).
About 37 percent of the households had to recur to asset-depleting coping strategies (emergency or crisis), while one-third of the households had to sell part of their productive assets to purchase food.Overall, the level of severe food insecurity has decreased compared to 2015.
Estimated at 15 percent in 2015, it fell to 7 percent in 2018. By contrast, the level of moderate food insecurity increased from 35 to 43 percent over the same period.
The high levels of food insecurity continue to be the result of the cumulative impacts of inter-communal clashes, recurrent population displacements and a prolonged period of asset depletion, which all contributed to constrain crop production to levels well below the pre-crisis average.The Government, in cooperation with humanitarian and development partners, continues to support the immediate access to food, the recovery of agricultural and pastoral activities aiming to create job opportunities and enhance food security, especially for women and youth.
The strengthening of the capacity of the Central African Institute of Statistics and Socio-Economic Studies (ICASEES) and the establishment of an information and early warning system on food security is highly recommended in order to generate the necessary data to continuously monitor the situation and enable early intervention.OngoingPrimary countryCentral African RepublicContent format:AssessmentLanguage:EnglishTheme:AgricultureFood and NutritionProtection and Human RightsVulnerable groups:IDPsHomeUpdatesCountriesDisastersTopicsOrganizationsJobsTrainingTerms ConditionsReliefWebInforming humanitarians worldwide.
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